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Back-projection estimates of the number of dependent heroin users in Australia. LAW ; M. ROSS ; W. HALL Back to the drawing board? A review of applications of the transtheoretical model to substance use.

Bayesian data analysis. Second edition. Incorporating new and updated information, this second edition of THE bestselling text in Bayesian data analysis continues to emphasize practice over theory, describing how to conceptualize, perform, and critique statistical analyses from a Baye[ A behavioral economic approach to assessing demand for marijuana.

LIU ; L. In the United States, marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. Its prevalence is growing, particularly among young adults. Behavioral economic indices of the relative reinforcing efficacy RRE of substances have been used to examine th[ Benefits and costs of methadone treatment: results from a lifetime simulation model. Dans Health Economics Vol. Several studies have examined the benefits and costs of drug treatment; however, they have typically focused on the benefits and costs of a single treatment episode.

Although beneficial for certain analyses, the results are limited because they [ A better widget? Three lessons for improving addiction treatment from a meta-analytical study. Vers , la statistique morale[ Brand switching or reduced consumption? A study of how cigarette taxes affect tobacco consumption. CHEN ; K. LIN ; J. We constructed three scenario-based models to study the following two subjects:[ Can needle and syringe programmes and opiate substitution therapy achieve substantial reductions in hepatitis C virus prevalence? Model projections for different epidemic settings.

Can price get the monkey off our back? A meta-analysis of illicit drug demand. Because of the increased availability of price data over the past 15 years, several studies have estimated the demand for illicit drugs, providing estimates of the price elasticity. Results from estimating several meta-regressions reveal tha[ Cannabis cultivation in Quebec: Between space-time hotspots and coldspots.

AddictoScope | Alcohol, liver disease and the gut microbiota

Background: Cannabis cultivation has become increasingly localized, whether soil-based or hydroponic growing methods are used. Characteristics of a given location, such as its climate and the equipment it requires may influence general accessibi[ Cannabis decriminalization and the age of onset of cannabis use. Background: In the Czech Republic in a law was introduced decriminalizing personal possession of small quantities of several illicit drugs, including cannabis.

Methods: We use survey data to examine the effect of a change in cannabis [ Cannabis depenalisation, drug consumption and crime - Evidence from the cannabis declassification in the UK. We exploit the declassification of cannabis in the UK in as a natural experiment[ FOX ; R.

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Ces conclusions sont mis[ Cannabis policy and the uptake of treatment for cannabis-related problems. ADAM ; A. Introduction and Aims: We examine public health effects of steps towards more permissive cannabis policies introduced in Belgium, Finland, France and Portugal between and Public health effects are captured in terms of cannabis-induced[ Aims: Most national drug policies target both the supply side and the demand side of illicit drug use.

Although such policies are intended to affect individual choices, they by definition operate on a national level and cannot be evaluated solel[ Cannabis use stages as predictors of subsequent initiation with other illicit drugs among French adolescents: Use of a multi-state model. The aim of this study was to confirm the influence of cannabis use patterns on the probability of initiation with other illicit drugs OID.

A French nationwide retrospective cohort on drug use was reconstituted on 29, teenagers. A Markov mul[ Capture-recapture estimates of the local prevalence of problem drug use in six French cities. Indirect estimation methods, especially capture-recapture method, are[ Capture-recapture methods for the social and medical sciences. Capture-recapture methods have been used in biology and ecology for more than years.

However, it is only recently that these methods have become popular in the social and medical sciences to estimate the size of elusive populations such as i[ Capture-recapture models including covariate effects.

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Usually, log-linear methods are used to estimate population size, assuming that not all sources of notification are dependen[ Categorical Data Analysis. The use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically, particularly for applications in the biomedical and social sciences. Responding to new developments in the field as well as to the needs of a new generation of profe[ A cautionary note regarding count models of alcohol consumption in randomized controlled trials.

KIM ; R. The distribution of alcohol consumption is highly skewed, particularly in subjects with alcohol dependence. Challenges of surveying wastewater drug loads of small populations and generalizable aspects on optimizing monitoring design. ORT ; J. Aims: Quantifying illicit drug loads through wastewater analysis WWA is an alternative approach to estimating population drug use. This study investigated the variability of daily drug loads in wastewater and their relationships to environment[ Enrollees in a study who cease participation for one reason or another can create problems for those who analyse and interpret the data.

These problems include loss of statistical power, bias in the study results, and lack of generalisability of[ Childhood sexual abuse and women's substance abuse: national survey findings. Cigarette tax avoidance and evasion. Dans Journal of Health Economics Vol. Variation in state cigarette taxes provides incentives for tax avoidance through smuggling, legal border crossing to low tax jurisdictions, or Internet purchasing. When taxes rise, tax paid sales of cigarettes will decline both because consumpti[ Ou l'illusion des statistiques.

Clinical significance: A statistical approach to defining meaningful change in psychotherapy research. In , N. Jacobson et al. Clinical trials: a practical approach.

This comprehensive, unified text on the principles and practice of clinical trials presents a detailed account of how to conduct the trials. It describes the design, analysis, and interpretation of clinical trials in a non-technical manner and p[ Cocaine use in arrestees: refining measures of national trends by sampling the criminal population.

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WISH ; J. Cognitive motivation and drug use: a 9-year longitudinal study. ENGLISH : The predictive precedence of expectancy constructs, operationally defined as cognitive motivations, and drug use was investigated over a 9-year period from adolescence to adulthood. Alternative predictions from three different classe[ Comment aborder les dimensions "ethniques" des usages de drogues? Community reductions in youth smoking after raising the minimum tobacco sales age to BUKA ; K. DASH ; J. OBJECTIVE: Raising the tobacco sales age to 21 has gained support as a promising strategy to reduce youth cigarette access, but there is little direct evidence of its impact on adolescent smoking.

Using regional youth survey data, we compared yo[ Comparability of general population surveys : part 2, joint analysis of a european prevalence data file. BECK ; F. Comparative cost-effectiveness of policy instruments for reducing the global burden of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use. Alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use together pose a formidable challenge to international public health. Building on earlier estimates of the demonstrated burden of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use at the global level, this review aims to[ A comparison of different methods for estimating the prevalence of problematic drug misuse in Great Britain.

This paper pilots the methods to estimate prevalence for Great Britain and pro[ Most studies of neighborhood effects on health have used the multilevel approach. However, since this methodology does not incorporate any notion of space, it may not provide optimal epidemiologic information when modeling variations or when inv[ Components of difference in HIV seropositivity rate among injection drug users between low- and high-HIV-prevalence regions. WANG Gut microbiota manipulation including probiotics, faecal microbial transplant and antibiotics has been studied in alcoholic liver disease with varying success.

Families and drug use: "I feel so helpless against his addiction."

Further investigation of the modulation of the gut—liver axis is relevant, as most of these patients are not candidates for liver transplantation. This Review focuses on clinical studies involving the gut microbiota in patients with alcoholic liver disease across the spectrum from alcoholic fatty liver to cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis. Specific alterations in the gut—liver—brain axis that are complicit in the interactions between the gut microbiota and alcohol addiction are also reviewed. Forensic science international. Mot de passe. Se souvenir de moi.

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