The giving of Hanukkah gelt also adds to the holiday excitement. The amount is usually in small coins, although grandparents or relatives may give larger sums. The tradition of giving Chanukah gelt dates back to a long-standing East European custom of children presenting their teachers with a small sum of money at this time of year as a token of gratitude. One minhag favors the fifth night of Hanukkah for giving Hanukkah gelt.
The United States has a history of recognizing and celebrating Hanukkah in a number of ways. In president Jimmy Carter took part in the first public Hanukkah candle-lighting ceremony of the National Menorah held across the White House lawn. In , President George H. Bush displayed a menorah in the White House. In , President Bill Clinton invited a group of schoolchildren to the Oval Office for a small ceremony. The dreidel design was used through In a Hanukkah stamp was issued with a design featured a photograph of a menorah with nine lit candles. In , President George W. Bush held an official Hanukkah reception in the White House in conjunction with the candle-lighting ceremony, and since then this ceremony has become an annual tradition attended by Jewish leaders from around the country.
In December , two Hanukkah celebrations were held at the White House. The White House commissioned a menorah made by students at the Max Rayne school in Israel and invited two of its students to join U. The students' school in Israel had been subjected to arson by extremists. President Obama said these "students teach us an important lesson for this time in our history. The light of hope must outlast the fires of hate. That's what the Hanukkah story teaches us. It's what our young people can teach us— that one act of faith can make a miracle, that love is stronger than hate, that peace can triumph over conflict.
Chanukah - Hanukkah 12222
The dates of Hanukkah are determined by the Hebrew calendar. Hanukkah begins at the 25th day of Kislev and concludes on the 2nd or 3rd day of Tevet Kislev can have 29 or 30 days.
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The Jewish day begins at sunset. Hanukkah dates for recent and upcoming:. In , on 28 November, the American holiday of Thanksgiving fell during Hanukkah for only the third time since Thanksgiving was declared a national holiday by President Abraham Lincoln. The last time was ; and due to the Gregorian and Jewish calendars being slightly out of sync with each other, it will not happen again in the foreseeable future.
Major Jewish holidays are those when all forms of work are forbidden, and that feature traditional holiday meals, kiddush, holiday candle-lighting, etc. Only biblical holidays fit these criteria, and Chanukah was instituted some two centuries after the Hebrew Bible was completed. Nevertheless, though Chanukah is of rabbinic origin, it is traditionally celebrated in a major and very public fashion. The requirement to position the menorah, or Chanukiah, at the door or window, symbolizes the desire to give the Chanukah miracle a high-profile.
Some Jewish historians suggest a different explanation for the rabbinic reluctance to laud the militarism. First, the rabbis wrote after Hasmonean leaders had led Judea into Rome's grip and so may not have wanted to offer the family much praise. Second, they clearly wanted to promote a sense of dependence on God, urging Jews to look toward the divine for protection. They likely feared inciting Jews to another revolt that might end in disaster, like the CE experience. With the advent of Zionism and the state of Israel, however, these themes were reconsidered.
In modern Israel, the national and military aspects of Hanukkah became, once again, more dominant. In North America especially, Hanukkah gained increased importance with many Jewish families in the latter part of the 20th century, including among large numbers of secular Jews , who wanted a Jewish alternative to the Christmas celebrations that often overlap with Hanukkah. Though it was traditional among Ashkenazi Jews to give "gelt" or money to children during Hanukkah, in many families this has been supplemented with other gifts so that Jewish children can enjoy gifts just as their Christmas-celebrating peers do.
While Hanukkah is a relatively minor Jewish holiday, as indicated by the lack of religious restrictions on work other than a few minutes after lighting the candles, in North America, Hanukkah in the 21st century has taken a place equal to Passover as a symbol of Jewish identity. Both the Israeli and North American versions of Hanukkah emphasize resistance, focusing on some combination of national liberation and religious freedom as the defining meaning of the holiday. Some Jews in North America and Israel have taken up environmental concerns in relation to Hanukkah's "miracle of the oil", emphasizing reflection on energy conservation and energy independence.
An example of this is the Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life's renewable energy campaign. In Singer, Isidore ; et al. The Jewish Encyclopedia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Hanukkah disambiguation. A hanukkiah , a menorah with nine branches. Further information: Coele-Syria.
Further information: Second Temple period. Main article: Maccabean Revolt. Main article: Maccabees. Further information: Menorah Hanukkah and Miracle of the cruse of oil. Hanneirot hallalu anu madlikin 'al hannissim ve'al hanniflaot 'al hatteshu'ot ve'al hammilchamot she'asita laavoteinu bayyamim haheim, u bazzeman hazeh 'al yedei kohanekha hakkedoshim. Vekhol-shemonat yemei Hanukkah hanneirot hallalu kodesh heim, ve-ein lanu reshut lehishtammesh baheim ella lir'otam bilvad kedei lehodot ul'halleil leshimcha haggadol 'al nissekha ve'al nifleotekha ve'al yeshu'otekha.
Main article: Ma'oz Tzur. In the days of the Hasmonean Mattathias, son of Johanan the high priest, and his sons, when the iniquitous Greco-Syrian kingdom rose up against Your people Israel, to make them forget Your Torah and to turn them away from the ordinances of Your will, then You in your abundant mercy rose up for them in the time of their trouble, pled their cause, executed judgment, avenged their wrong, and delivered the strong into the hands of the weak, the many into the hands of few, the impure into the hands of the pure, the wicked into the hands of the righteous, and insolent ones into the hands of those occupied with Your Torah.
Both unto Yourself did you make a great and holy name in Thy world, and unto Your people did You achieve a great deliverance and redemption. Whereupon your children entered the sanctuary of Your house, cleansed Your temple, purified Your sanctuary, kindled lights in Your holy courts, and appointed these eight days of Hanukkah in order to give thanks and praises unto Your holy name. Main article: Hanukkah music.
Main article: Dreidel. Main article: Hanukkah gelt. Main article: White House Hanukkah Party. Further information: Jewish and Israeli holidays — Sunset, 24 December — nightfall, 1 January  Sunset, 12 December — nightfall, 20 December Sunset, 2 December — nightfall, 10 December Sunset, 22 December — nightfall, 30 December Sunset, 10 December — nightfall, 18 December Sunset, 28 November — nightfall, 6 December Sunset, 18 December — nightfall, 26 December Sunset, 7 December — nightfall, 15 December Judaism portal. Radwin CC-BY Retrieved 26 August Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 6 October Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 12 May Archived from the original on 7 December Orthodox Union.
Have the chutzpah to embrace Yiddish". Hermeneutics, Authority, and Canon. Wipf and Stock Publishers. An Alexandrian Canon? Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 May Archived from the original on 28 May Aramaic English New Testament, 3rd Ed. Netzari Press LLV. Watson E. Mills, Roger Aubrey Bullard — -"Hence Hanukkah also is called the Feast of Lights, an alternate title Josephus confirms with this rationale: "And from that time to this we celebrate this festival, and call it 'Lights.
The History of the Second Temple Period. Bloomsbury Publishing. Archived from the original on 27 June Archived from the original on 16 January Religions of the Ancient World: A Guide. Harvard University Press. The Jewish Way: Living the Holidays. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. A Survey of the New Testament. Myers; Astrid B. Beck Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Eerdmans Publishing. A Survey of Israel's History. Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews. Baker Academic. Encyclopaedia Judaica, Volume 9. Granite Hill Publishers. Archived from the original on 13 December Daniel: A Commentary.
Presbyterian Publish Corp. Jewish Encyclopedia. His three years' war east of the Jordan about 85—82 was successful; and he conquered Pella, Dium, Gerasa, Gaulana, Seleucia, and the strong fortress Gamala. Mattathias and his five sons became the nucleus of a growing band of rebels against Antiochus. Washington Also, we don't accept that there is even a name for G-d. Am I wrong? God is nameless, faceless, formless and to try to name him approaches idolatry does it not? So if we spell out the name of G-d would God himself really care since that is really not his name anyway?
Thank you for the resource, the questions and answers in the comment section are equally educational. As a Christian, I stand with our Hebrew brothers and sisters in unity. Awesome, happy Hanukkah Reply. Very educating Reply. Shalom and have a blessed day! Wish you all a Happy Hanukkah! It's a great time of year to show more tolerance to all. We must all work together to make the world a better place!
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Yahrtzeit Lookup. Popular Tools:. Shabbat Times. Email Subscriptions. More Sites Today is Thu. Jewish Practice. Chanukah - Hanukkah Photo credit: Miriam Szokovski. Rabbi Shimon Rosenberg of Afula, Israel, the father of Rivkah Holtzberg, lights a foot steel menorah during Chanukah in front of the Gateway of India in Mumbai just weeks after his daughter and son-in-law, Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg, were killed in a terrorist attack.
Gavriel Holtzberg would light that menorah each year. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad. You may also be interested in Chanukah Insights and Stories. Chanukah How-To.
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What Chanukah Commemorates
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